Maritime Archaeology

 

ICMM Underwater Archaeology Resolutions 1993

 

Underwater Archaeology Resolutions
   Adopted by ICMM
    Barcelona, Spain
     10 September 1993


  1. In regard to collecting policy, ICMM member museums should follow the provisions of the ICOM code of Professional Ethics, the ICOMOS Char­ter, and the UNESCO Convention.
  1. That ICMM member museums should follow sections 3.1 and 3.2 of the ICOM Code of Professional Ethics and that in particular, "each museum authority should adopt and publish a written statement of its collections policy...[and]...museum[s] should not acquire by purchase [or donation] objects...where...their recovery involved the recent unscientific or interna­tional destruction or damage of...archaeological sites..." Museums with col­lections from underwater archaeological sites should each adopt and pub­lish either a written statement of their general collecting policy or a written policy relating specifically to collections from underwater archaeological sites.
  1. That ICMM member museums should follow the Council of American Maritime Museums (CAMM) policy and "...not knowingly acquire or ex­hibit artifacts which have been stolen, illegally exported from their country of origin, illegally salvaged, or removed from commercially exploited ar­chaeological or historic sites" in recent times (ie. since the 1990 full Con­gress of ICMM).
  1. That ICMM members should report to the responsible authorities any illegal activities at underwater sites or auction or sale of artifacts from ille­gally excavated underwater sites in their countries.
  1. That ICMM members should recognize that artifacts from underwater sites are integral parts of archaeological assemblages, which should remain intact for research and display.
  1. That ICMM should explore ways for more member institutions to in­volve students from academic institutions in the study of their archaeologi­cal collections.

In these resolutions a commercially exploited heritage site is one in which the primary motive for investigation is private financial gain.

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CAMM Underwater Archaeology By-law

 

Council of American Maritime Museums
By-law regarding underwater archaeology

Section 3. Archaeological Standards.  CAMM member institutions shall adhere to archaeological standards consistent with those of AAM/ICOM, and shall not knowingly acquire or exhibit artifacts which have been stolen, illegally exported from their country of origin, illegally salvaged or removed from commercially exploited archaeological or historic sites in recent times.

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The ICMM and CAMM resolutions are available to download:  

ICMM

CAMM

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